To answer this question, I used a few popular alternative search engines for a day. Then I went through my daily work to see if I noticed anything significant.
I also judged each search engine on its commitment to protecting user data and privacy.
Here are 7 search alternatives to Google.
Of all the search engines I tested, this is my top pick.
Why? StartPage exclusively uses results from Google, so it’s effectively Google without the tracking.
How private is it?
StartPage doesn’t record your IP address, and it doesn’t serve tracking cookies. But since it uses Google’s results, how do we know it doesn’t send information to Google?
When you search, your query is automatically stripped of unnecessary metadata including your IP address and other identifying information. We send the anonymized search query to Google and return the search results to you.
Privacy-oriented users may also take comfort in the fact that StartPage is based in the Netherlands, which is part of the European Union (EU). As a result, it complies with the GDPR—an EU regulation that protects users’ data.
However, you should know that the Netherlands is a part of the Nine Eyes intelligence alliance. This shares mass surveillance data with eight countries, including those notorious for privacy violations like the US and UK.
Started in 2013, Qwant is a search engine based in Paris.
Its search results are powered by Bing and supplemented by those collected from its own web crawler.
I felt Qwant was pretty good. My only gripe was with its localized results. A search for “chicken rice near me”—a popular dish in Singapore—yielded results from the US.
In fairness, this issue isn’t unique to Qwant. Privacy-focused search engines don’t track your geolocation, so it’s difficult for them to provide good local results.
How private is it?
Qwant does not collect any data or use tracking cookies. It also dissociates your query and IP address for further anonymity.
Like StartPage, Qwant is based in the EU and therefore offers GDPR protection. France is, however, part of the Nine Eyes intelligence alliance.
Qwant offers “search shortcuts” that allow you to search for results from a specific website.
For example, running a search like
&a books finds results from Amazon’s books category.
See the entire list of search shortcuts here.
Possibly the most popular private search engine, DuckDuckGo (DDG) has positioned itself as “anti-Google” since its launch in 2008.
DuckDuckGo sources its results from over 400 different places, including its own crawler (DuckDuckBot), crowdsourced sites (e.g., Wikipedia), and partners (e.g., Bing).
This might be an unpopular opinion, but I thought DuckDuckGo’s search results were good but not exceptional.
For instance, I was recently browsing Facebook and saw a video of a man bailing water away from a flooded street. I recognized the background of the video as Venice (Italy). Wanting to know what happened, I searched for “venice” in DuckDuckGo but didn’t see any relevant results. Yet, a similar search in Google showed results about flooding in the city.
How private is it?
According to DuckDuckGo, it does not store personally identifiable information like IP addresses. It also doesn’t use tracking cookies. However, it does save searches, though it claims to do it in a non-identifiable way.
That said, DDG is based in the U.S., which means it’s part of the Five Eyes intelligence alliance. Privacy-oriented users may also point to the fact that the U.S. repeatedly conducts mass surveillance programs and collects data from various Internet companies (e.g., PRISM and MUSCULAR).
DuckDuckGo’s “Bangs” feature takes you directly to search results on other sites. For example, typing “!w” and a keyword (e.g., !w singapore) takes you directly to Wikipedia’s page for Singapore.
It may not be evident to you as an end-user, but every Google search creates carbon dioxide. According to Quartz, the search engine is responsible for ~40% of the Internet’s carbon footprint.
The company behind Ecosia wants to counteract this. It donates 80% of its profits to tree-planting projects, roughly equating to one tree planted for every 50 searches. It’s also built a solar plant so it can run servers on clean power.
Ecosia’s search results are powered by Bing and enhanced by its own algorithms. I found results from Ecosia to be good enough most of the time.
How private is it?
Firstly, they collect search data. This data, according to them, is used for improving their web services. Only after seven days is all personal information (e.g., IP addresses) deleted.
Additionally, since Bing powers their search results, they share some details with them to answer your search request. Here’s what Ecosia says:
[…] when you do a search on Ecosia we forward the following information to our partner, Bing: IP address, user agent string, search term, and some settings like your country and language setting.
Additionally, by default Ecosia sets a Bing-specific “Client ID” parameter to improve the quality of your search results. If your browser has “Do Not Track” enabled, we disable the “Client ID” automatically. You can also choose to disable this feature by modifying your user settings.”
If you’re concerned about privacy, Ecosia is probably not the best choice.
Hit the resolution dropdown on the videos tab to filter for video results of varying quality.
As the name suggests, Swisscows is a search engine based in Switzerland. It has its own index for German queries but uses Bing results for other languages.
Swisscows bills itself as “family-friendly.” It automatically filters out all violent and pornographic search results. This feature is enforced. There’s no way to change it in the settings.
While I felt that Swisscows’ search results could be better, it made the list thanks to its strong privacy commitment.
How private is it?
Swisscows does not collect any data about its users. It doesn’t use any tracking cookies or geo-targeting.
If you’re concerned about the partnership with Bing, you will be relieved to know it routes queries through a firewall to strip out personal identifiers.
You’ll also be happy to know that Switzerland is not part of the Five, Nine, or Fourteen Eyes intelligence alliance. It does, however, have a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the U.S.
Swisscows offers “semantic maps” to help you further refine your searches.
If you’re looking for a search engine with similar features to Google, Bing is likely your best bet. Familiar features like translation, currency conversions, time, knowledge panels are all available.
Unfortunately while it is the closest alternative to Google, there isn’t much upside to using Bing. There’s no privacy benefit, the quality of results is roughly on par, the experience is similar, and it belongs to one of the Big Five tech companies.
You should also know that in early 2019, Bing faced some serious issues with their safe search.
How private is it?
Bing is not a privacy-focused search engine. Microsoft collects data from all of your interactions with their products.
Bing allows you to preview videos directly in the SERPs:
Formerly one of the largest Internet companies in the world, Yahoo is now a shadow of its former self.
Its once popular search engine is today powered by Bing. Surprisingly though, it’s still the third most popular web search engine on the planet, owning 1.6% of the global market share.
One thing I dislike about Yahoo is that the delineation between paid and organic results is unclear.
Yahoo’s search results are decent, but the UI leaves a lot to be desired. It’s effectively Bing, but worse. In my opinion, the only reason it would make sense to use Yahoo is if you’re already using their other services like News, Finance, or Sport.
How private is it?
Yahoo is not a privacy-focused search engine. The company collects personal information when you register and use any of its products or services.
As Verizon acquired Yahoo in 2017, there may also be some sharing of data with Verizon’s family of companies for research, product improvements, and so on.
Did you know Ahrefs is building a search engine? Here’s why…
Google makes tens of billions of dollars per year in ad revenue, much of which comes from users of Google search.
In case you’re unfamiliar with how this works:
When you search for something on Google, you see two types of results: organic and paid. If you click on a paid result, Google earns money from the advertiser for sending a potential customer their way. If you click an organic result, as most people do, Google earns nothing.
So what’s the problem?
For transactional queries like “buy x,” nothing. Both advertisers and those ranking organically will often profit from the traffic Google sends their way because they have something to sell.
The issue is that most queries aren’t transactional. Around 80% of Google searches are informational. This means that the searcher isn’t in buying mode; they’re in learning mode.
Many of the sites that rank for such queries are non-profit entities like Wikipedia and those run by passionate individuals with no motive other than to spread knowledge.
Sadly, these are the people and organizations that Google’s business model neglects—and often even stifles.
For instance, Wikipedia ranks for an estimated 195 million queries on Google in the US…
… but because it has nothing to sell, it has to beg for donations to stay afloat.
Google ranks sites like Wikipedia because they offer useful information. And when its users find such information using the service, it keeps them coming back for more.
Inevitably, they perform transactional queries, click paid results, and Google gets paid.
Long story short, Google’s commercial success is built heavily on the information provided by others—yet they offer nothing in return.
In recent years, Google has even begun displaying content from these sites in its search results.
This often reduces (or eliminates) the need to click results, which further reduces monetization options for the sites that Google pulls information from.
At Ahrefs, we believe this is unfair to content creators. As such, we want to take the first step in challenging the status quo.
We plan to create a search engine with a 90/10 profit share model that splits advertising profits with the content creators who make search results possible.
Our CEO announced this in 2019:
Ahrefs is working on general purpose search engine to compete with Google. Sounds crazy, right?
But lets talk about two huge problems with Google which they will never want to fix:— Dmitry Gerasimenko (@botsbreeder) March 27, 2019
We’ve already begun developing one behind the scenes.
Using this model, we hope that sites like Wikipedia will no longer have to ask for donations every year to stay afloat.
If you want to learn more about our plans, I’d recommend reading this article by our founder and CEO, Dmitry.
Google might dominate the global search engine market, but they’ve had their fair share of criticism. They’ve been fined for antitrust issues, creating a filter bubble, violating user privacy, and much more.
Using an alternative search engine is one way to avoid some of these issues.
Just know that my favorite may not be the same as yours as everyone’s criteria and concerns differ. So play around with the alternatives on this list and decide what works for you.
Did I miss any good alternative search engines? What do you think of our plans to create one? Let me know on Twitter.